Restoring the agricultural landscape: The impact of government policies in East Lothian, Scotland
Aerial photographs, agricultural census data and information from questionnaire surveys are used to investigate changes in the agricultural landscape of East Lothian, Scotland, during the 1970s and 1980s. Photographs for 1972 and 1988 provide a guide to changes associated both with farmers' responses to the European Community's Common Agricultural Policy, operating in the United Kingdom from 1973, and to government initiatives advancing landscape amenity. Attention is given to changes that have reversed post-war removals of longstanding landscape features, notably hedgerows. The impacts of schemes promoting hedgerow replanting and landscape restoration are discussed. Although this part of lowland Scotland has experienced marked agricultural intensification, in the 1980s the majority of farmers became involved in government-sponsored schemes intended to improve the visual appearance and general amenity of the landscape. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Author(s): Ghaffar, A; Robinson, GM