Pollination reservoirs for wild bee habitat enhancement in cropping systems: a review
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems
Pollinator-dependent growers seek alternative pollination models as pollination-security concerns grow. Pollination reservoirs, set-aside bee foraging areas, may offer growers a practical tool for increasing wild bee populations and decreasing reliance on managed bees. We review the literature on pollination reservoirs regarding a) effectiveness, b) reservoir-to-crop ratios, and c) costs and benefits. We discuss the relevant aspects of d) plant-pollinator relationships, e) landscape context, f) wild bees as pollinators, g) flower selection, and h) limitations. Recent research clearly suggests that pollination reservoirs can increase wild bee populations, crop yield, and profit. Last, we identify gaps that require additional research.
Author(s): Venturini, EM; Drummond, FA; Hoshide, AK; Dibble, AC; Stack, LB
Journal: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems