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Bird communities as bioindicators: The focal species concept in agricultural landscapes

Ecological Indicators


The use of bioindicators as a tool in conservation and landscape ecology projects is becoming more widespread. We suggest objective criteria for selecting suitable focal species to identify important semi-natural elements in agricultural landscapes and provide quality indications at two different spatial scales. At a broad scale, focal species can indicate overall landscape quality, and species abundance data allow an environment suitability map to be drawn. At a local scale, focal species abundances can be related to structural characteristics of landscape elements, thus, providing valuable indications of the most effective locations for restoration projects. (C) 2005 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Author(s): Padoa-Schioppa, E; Baietto, M; Massa, R; Bottoni, L

Journal: Ecological Indicators

Year: 2006


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